Learn About The Anatomy of Mountain Bike

One of the easiest things to do is to just buy a bike and off you go. Becoming familiar with the anatomy of your mountain bike can not be understated. Other bikers will talk about the parts of there bike and how they fixed components on their bike. It is nice to know what they are talking about.

You don’t want to be that mountain biker who doesn’t know what a crack arm is or what a spoke is. By knowing the parts of your mountain bike you will be better able to explain any problems and understand what other mountain bikers are talking about.

In this post, we will go through the anatomy of a mountain bike, and you can go biking with knowing without being that guy. Let’s get started!

The Anatomy of Mountain Bike

Okay, you are new to mountain biking, and you want to know about the main parts of a mountain bike. Below, I have created a list of the main parts or components of a mountain bike.

Let’s get started.

Bicycle Diagram of Component
Bicycle Diagram of Component
  • Frame
  • Wheels
  • Tyres
  • Brake Cable
  • Handlebar
  • Spokes
  • Stem
  • Skewer
  • Rim
  • Nipple
  • Headset
  • Brake Lever
  • Chain
  • Chain Ring
  • Crank
  • Pedal
  • Derailleur
  • Front Shocks
  • Rear Shocks
  • Saddle
  • Seat Post
  • Down Tube
  • Hub
  • Wheel Hub

Frame

The frame is properly the most important part of a mountain bike. It is important to make sure that the frame is of good quality as it is the backbone of your bike.

Wheels

The two wheels shouldn’t need much explaining. As you can see in the above diagram that the wheel contains spokes are attached to the rim. The center is known as the hub.

Tyres

The types give you traction with the ground. There is a wealth of choice of widths, tread pattern and rubber compounds of mountain bike tyres. Always talk to your local bike shop to decide on what best suits you.

Brake Cable

This is the cable that connects the brake lever to the brake mechanism.

Handlebar

This allows you to control and handle your bike, The mechanism in front of the frame that connects the front fork to the stem and handlebars. This allows you to control the direction of your bike.

mountain biking handlebar
SCAPIN Mountain Bike Handlebar

Spokes

The thick wires that join the hub to the rim.

Stem

A piece that attaches the handlebars to the steering tube.

Skewer

The metal rod that goes through the hub, attaching the wheel to the dropouts of the frame.

Rim

The metal ring that holds the spokes on the inside and the tire to the outside.

Nipple

A threaded receptacle that holds the end of the spoke to the rim.

Headset

The mechanism in front of the frame that connects the front fork to the stem and handlebars.

Brake Levers

The lever on the handlebar to activates the brakes and this allows you to slow and stop the front and rear wheels of your bike. This helps you to stop.

The left side is the front brake and the right side is the rear brake.

handlebars
Sweetlouise Brake Levers

Chain

The circular set of links that transfer power from the chain ring to the cogs.

Chain Ring

The toothed rings that attach to the crank to hold the chain.

Crank

The lever that extends from the bottom bracket to the pedal, transferring the power to the chain rings.

Pedal

This everyone should know but it is the platform to pedal that is attached to the crank.

Derailleur

There are 2 types derailleurs with these been the front and rear derailleurs. They are used to change through the gears.

You can read more on how to install a front derailleur on a mountain bike.

Front Derailleur
Wiki Front Derailleur

Front Shock

The front shocks absorb impacts on the front wheels. These help you to keep the bike controlled and improves performance.

Rear Shock

The shock absorber for the rear tire on dual-suspension type bikes. These help you to keep the bike controlled and improves performance.

Saddle

This is the seat where mountain bikers sit while biking.

bicycle saddle
distelAPPArath Bike Saddle

Seat Post

The seat post where the saddle is put and is found under the saddle. This post is normally adjustable.

Down tube

The section of frame that extends downward from the stem to the bottom bracket.

Hub

The center part of the wheel that the spokes are attached to.

Wheel Hub

The center of the wheel that the spokes are attached to.

Wrapping Up

Finally, if you are new to mountain biking you should try and learn about the different parts of the mountain bike. This will help you explain if you have problems and better understand what other mountain bikers are talking about.

And that’s it for now! I’d love it if this post on the anatomy of the mountain bike was helpful to you. Let me know if you have any questions and let me know if there is more to add.

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anatomy of the mountain bike

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